Flag2.gif (10730 bytes)

Your source for information on the 7x10, 7x12, 7x14 and 7x16 mini-lathes

Over 5 million visitors since 06-10-2000
Copyright 2000-2018 by Frank J. Hoose, Jr. Home

Important Announcement (08-03-2018) has been financially supported since 2002 by subscription fees from my Premium Content pages.
Unfortunately, my credit card processing service has increased fees every year, from around 5% of subscription
income in 2002 to over 60% in 2017 and 2018. Due to these increases and a tapering off of subscribers,
is now running at a loss. Therefore, I am temporarily not accepting payments by credit card.

I'm working on a new credit card payment system.  In the meantime, you can subscribe using
PayPal.  Send me an email with the list of topics you wish to subscribe to and I will send you a return email
with instructions for paying via PayPal. 
Send me email

Active subscriptions will continue to work as usual until they expire at the end of their one-year term.

When I began work on back in 1999, Microsoft FrontPage98 was a new and "state of the art" web
development tool, so that's what I used to build the site. Much has changed since then. I have recently decided to
move into a modern web tool. I'm working on that now, but it will take a while. When I'm done,
there will be a much-improved look to the site and much better support for small-format devices such as iPhones,
iPads and other similar devices. I also plan to have my existing and future YouTube videos integrated with the web site.

I want to thank the hundreds of subscribers to Premium Content who have made possible for over 18 years!!

Mini Lathe YouTube Videos

Measure carefully - it's easier to remove metal than to put it back
There's always one more source of error
(and one more credit card processing fee)

Mini-Lathe   Mini-Mill   Bandsaw   Grinder    Anodizing   Lapping    Links   Projects    Resources   Safety   Premium Content

Mini-lathe:  Accessories   Adjustments   Capabilities    Chucks    Dial Indicators   Features   Getting Started   Glossary     Introduction   Materials    Modifications   My Shop   Operation    Reviews    Sieg Factory    Tool Grinding    Troubleshooting   Tuning     Versions

If you have not already done so, please read the Disclaimer (last updated 10/18/09) is an extensive information resource for the 7x10, 7x12, 7x14 and 7x16 mini lathes. This site is intended primarily to help new and prospective owners understand the capabilities, limitations and frustrations of these tools and how to modify and fine-tune them to get results you might expect only from a much more expensive lathe.

During the years since I began this site in 2000, I have also used and written reviews on some larger lathes and related equipment. See the Reviews page for much more info. Check out for information on the small milling machines that make an ideal companion to the mini-lathe.

7x10_index.jpg (52822 bytes)

1999 Central Machinery 7x10 mini lathe from Harbor Freight

Sold by a number of vendors for around $500 to $900, these versatile small lathes are a good choice for model makers, experimenters, inventors and just about anyone else who is interested in metalworking or has a need to fabricate small precision parts. These lathes are miniature versions of industrial metal-working lathes and are quite different in design and use than wood-working lathes, but they can certainly be used for shaping wood, plastics and other materials, especially if very accurate dimensions are required.  If you follow the links on the navigation bars above, you will find a great deal of information about these lathes and related topics.

The designations 7x10, 7x12, 7x14 and 7x16 refer to the maximum diameter and length (in inches) of a workpiece that the lathe can work on. All four lathes can rotate a 7" diameter workpiece up to approximately 10, 12, 14 or 16 inches long, depending on the model. In practice though, the workpieces usually are limited to 4" diameter or less, due to various factors described throughout this site. It is possible to machine the ends of shafts longer than the lathe if the diameter is 3/4" or less so that it will pass through the hollow lathe spindle.

Fundamentally, a lathe is used to make components such as shafts and bushings that are basically cylindrical in shape. While that may not seem like much, the fact is that nearly all mechanical and engineering devices rely on components made on a lathe. So if you have interests such as RC cars, planes, boats or helicopters; robotics, atronomy, microscopy, horology are an inventor or just like to repair cars, motorcycles, household fixtures and appliances, a lathe is a great tool to have. Lathes are also used by artisans to make beads, bangles and other items for jewelry.

If you have never run a metal lathe before, or it's been many years since you last did in your high school shop class (back when high schools still had shop class!),  you can find some helpful information on the Introduction, Getting Started, Operations, Tool Grinding and Adjustments pages. Be sure to read the Safety page for important safety tips.

The mini-lathe has a lot of potential but has some shortcomings that you should be aware of before you decide to buy one - see the Reviews for more information on specific models.  Fortunately, there is now a great deal of information available about this lathe on the internet, so you are not on your own if you encounter a problem, and has become well established as the place to go for parts and accessories in the U.S.

I'm happy to report that the quality of these lathes has steadily been improving. Back in 2000, when I started this site, the variable speed motor controllers had a high failure rate, but the newer ones are much more reliable. Similarly, the overall quality of worksmanship is better on the newer lathes. While you still may find some minor defects, nearly all of them are now ready to use out of the box after a brief cleanup and performing some minor setup and adjustments. See the Getting Started page for details. The onerous cleaning off the packing grease is no longer necessary as the lathes being shipped since around 2010 have just a light coating of rust-inhibiting grease.

If you are considering purchasing one, the Product Review pages will give you some detailed comparisons among various models. You may also find my thoughts on Which Lathe to Buy helpful in making your decision.

The great majority of mini-lathes sold in the U.S. and worldwide are made by Sieg in Shanghai, China. They are re-branded by several vendors, painted in a variety of colors and sold with various combinations of accessories and with four bed lengths: 8", 12", 14" and 16", but all are basically the same lathe (Well, ok, the Micro-Mark version is kinda unique...).  A very similar lathe, made by Real Bull in China, makes up the rest of the market.

While this site focuses mainly on the Chinese mini-lathes, be sure to check out the slightly smaller, but very capable and high-quality lathes made in the U.S. by Taig and Sherline; they're very popular among precision model makers.

When I began this site, I was using the 7x10 version of the mini-lathe, shown above. While the 7x10's are still available, the 7x12 is  more common nowdays, and for good reason: it's actually 4" longer than the 7x10 (a result of overly optimistic marketing of the 7x10; which is really only 7x8).   Since the mini-lathe is now available in four lengths (8", 12", 14" and 16"), you will find references to all four models throughout this site. Most of the features and capabilities are very similar, other than the maximum working length. You may also see references to "7x" lathes where I am referring to all four sizes generically.

Specific features of these lathes are continually being improved by the manufacturer. Therefore, some of the older information on this site may no longer be relevant. For example, the lathes made before 2000 had a somewhat crude motor speed control with a minimum speed of about 100 RPM. The motor speed controls have been continually improved since then and the newer ones are much more sophisticated and reliable than the the very early ones.

Beginning around 2007, Sieg introduced the "S" series of machines which have brushless DC motors. These new motors have much more torque than the prior motors, so that the internal HI-LO range gears are no longer needed. The result is a quieter, more powerful and more reliable machine. The newer lathes also include some improved safety features over the older ones.

One of the best sources of information on the mini lathe and related topics has been the Yahoo group 7x10minilathe, a very knowledgeable and experienced group of guys who are always ready to welcome and help newcomers. Discussions are by no means limited to the 7x lathes so feel free to ask any question even remotely related to machining and you will get plenty of good advice. Unfortunately, at times over the years since the group began in 1999, the subject matter has degenerated into political harangues, making it much less approachable for the new mini lathe owner. A spinoff Yahoo group, 7x12minilathe, with more closely monitored content, also is an excellent source of information. You'll need to join the group to participate. There also are Yahoo groups that focus on specific mini lathe interests such as horology (clock-making), modifications, and little engines.

For discussion en Espaņol visit this group:

Check the Home Shops links on my Links page and you will find lots of great tips from other mini lathe owners.